Theory X and Theory Y were first explained by McGregor in his book, \"The Human Side of Enterprise,\" and they refer to two styles of management – authoritarian (Theory X) and participative (Theory Y).If you believe that your team members dislike their work and have little motivation, then, according to McGregor, you'll likely use an authoritarian style of management. As such, it is these higher-level needs through which employees can best be motivated. Dabei grenzte er grob zwei Denkrichtungen bzw. Introduction: In 1960, Douglas McGregor an American psychologist formulated a theory that has changed the path of management thinking and practice. Under the right conditions workers actively seek responsibility, take initiative and make creative decisions.4. Douglas McGregor offers us two theories for the price of one: Theory X & Theory Y. However, beyond this commonality, they’re quite dissimilar. His Theory X described the dominant thinking of the 1950s, where managers held a … Abraham Maslow viewed McGregor as a mentor. Journal of Managerial Issues, tions that moderate the efficacy of theory y manage- 20, 255–271. He also taught at the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta.His 1960 book The Human Side of Enterprise had a profound influence on education practices.. McGregor was a student of Abraham Maslow. Looking to level up your leadership skills? Use this quiz to check your understanding and decide whether to (1) study the previous section further or (2) move on to the next section. Zum einen die Per­son X, die von Natur aus faul und unwillig ist. You'll find various training courses and instructional materials that can help you develop the background knowledge and practical expertise to put Douglas McGregor motivation theory to work for your company. Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y. Nach der negativen Theorie X ist der Mensch im Grundsatz faul, arbeitsunwillig, passiv, ohne Ehrgeiz und Einsatzwillen und nicht bereit, Verantwortung zu übernehmen. DOUGLAS MCGREGOR THEORY X McGregor died in 1964, aged 58, but not before making a substantial contribution to the field of manage-ment. Die psychologische Führungsforschung hat mittlerweile zahlreiche … Many small businesses need funding to get started.... What is the difference between a boss and a true leader? They were created by Douglas McGregor while he was working at the MIT Sloan School of Management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s. His 1960 book The Human Side of Enterprise had a profound influence on education practices. McGregor makes the point that a command-and-control environment is not effective because it relies on lower needs for motivation, but in modern society those needs are mostly satisfied and thus no longer motivate. Douglas Murray McGregor (1906 – 1 October 1964) was a management professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management and president of Antioch College from 1948 to 1954. Douglas McGregor (1906 –1964) was a famous management professor in the field of personal development and motivational theory. Er wurde berühmt durch seine Formulierung der „Theorie X“ (autoritäres Management) und der „Theorie Y“(partizipatives Management), die er erstmals 1960 in seinem Buch The Human Side of Enterprise vorstellte. Work can be as natural as play if the conditions are favorable. In 1960, Douglas McGregor developed a leadership theory (McGregor Theory X and Theory Y) about organization and management in which he represented two opposing perceptions about people. Authors: Dave Gannon. The higher-level needs of esteem and self-actualization are continuing needs in that they are never completely satisfied. 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