May be an A. rubrum x A. saccharinum hybrid (Acer x freemanii). Its leaves have 3 to 5 lobes and are best known for their intense fall color display. It is a beautiful rounded tree with ascending branches when young, maturing to a more rounded canopy. It typically grows 40-60’ tall with a rounded to oval crown. May lack the hardiness of other cultivars. It is native from southern Ontario to Newfoundland, south to eastern Texas and just north of Miami, Fla. With many species and cultivars of Acer Rubrum available the choice for this outstanding feature tree is wide. Norris holds a Bachelor of Arts from Linfield College. 2013-05-05 15 03 27 Closer view of an Acer rubrum full of new seeds along the Forest View Trail in … Good fall color and smaller leaves than normal. [4] The red maple ranges from southeastern Manitoba around the Lake of the Woods on the border with Ontario and Minnesota, east … Leaves stay green longer than other varieties before turning bright orange to deep red. Although in normal correct usage, cultivar names are enclosed by single quotation marks (e.g. Acer rubrum, commonly called red maple, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree that is native to Eastern North America from Quebec to Minnesota south to Florida and eastern Texas. species form matures at about 70' tall by 40' wide, although the many cultivars are smaller. “Northwood” (Acer rubrum Northwood”) is hardy and is a good selection for areas with harsh winters. Cultivars. ‘October Glory’ Red Maple1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This cultivar of Red Maple has an oval to rounded shape and is a fast grower with strong wood, reaching … the best Acer rubrum cultivars combine with the faster growth rate normally found in Acer x freemanii. Acer Rubrum or ‘Red maple’. Red Sunset. “Armstrong” (Acer rubrum “Armstrong”) only becomes 15 to 25 feet wide, but can still become quite tall, reaching 60 feet. “Vanity” (Acer rubrum “Vanity”) presents pink leaves with green spotting in spring, changing to green and white variegation as the leaves age. Acer rubrum cv. It typically grows 40-60 tall with a rounded to oval crown. Acer rubrum (Red Maple, also known as Swamp or Soft Maple) is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern North America.It ranges from the Lake of the Woods on the border between Ontario and Minnesota, east to Newfoundland, south to near Miami, Florida, and southwest to east Texas. Acer rubrum. Globosum Rehder. While red maples (Acer rubrum) are more prominent in the eastern United States, they can be found in nearly every state and are common to deciduous forests and landscapes almost everywhere. Each of these varieties shows more intense pink coloration when the leaves first emerge and as the leaf ages, the pink color begins to fade. Acer rubrum "Sun Valley" Also introduced by the U.S National Arboretum, ‘Sun Valley’ is a cross between the ‘‘Red Sunset’ and ‘Autumn Flame’ varieties of Red Maple. Lacks consistent orange or red fall color. 'Franksred' (Red Sunset®) - Pyramidal to rounded form. Most cultivars are grafted and can be grown as a single or multi-stemmed small tree. It is a deciduous tree with a symmetrical, oval form with green Spring/Summer foliage and and brilliant red/orange fall color. It grows faster than the other upright maples. 'Armstrong'- An upright or fastigiate selection that grows to around 60' tall and 15' wide. What Shrubs and Trees Go Well With a Weeping Nootka? Acer rubrum is the fourth most common tree in the natural areas of The Holden Arboretum, trailing Acer saccharum (sugar maple), Fagus grandifolia (American beech), and Liriodendron tulipifera (tuliptree). cultivars were gleaned from nursery catalogs, plant patents, and other published sources. Autumn Flame, cv. (Acer rubrum) establishes easily and grows quickly. 'Columnare' - Similar to 'Armstrong', but slower growing and more compact. Due to graft-incompatibility problems that cause the tree to break apart, preference should be given to cultivars produced on their own roots. Lori Norris has been writing professionally since 1998, specializing in horticulture. “Bowhall” (Acer rubrum “Bowhall”) is a little shorter at about 45 feet, but only grows to 15 feet wide. Some varieties are found in nearly every nursery that grows red maples. It does not have as strong a fall color as other red maple cultivars. Acer rubrum REDPOINTE ('Frank Jr.') In contrast to most red maple cultivars, Redpointe was not only selected for its autumn colours. Grows to 45 to 50' tall. Acer rubrum and all its cultivars grow well within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 9. In comparison to other A. rubrum cultivars, the strength of Redpointe is its relatively slender crown form and the straight-growing main stem. Acer palmatum. Acer saccharum subsp. There are numerous cultivars of red maple, some of which are selections of A. x freemanii (A. rubrum x A. saccharinum). eastern United States and adjacent Canada, zone 3, but plants must have originated from the northern part of its range, becomes more spreading with age, eventually developing a more or less rounded or oval outline, a medium to large tree, 40' to 70' tall, but can be over 100' tall, medium green upper leaf color, gray-green or frosty underside, varies from greenish yellow to vibrant scarlet to burgundy, can be very striking; many cultivars selected for red fall foliage, red or orange, in late March and April, showy, monoecious with male and female flowers on separate branches of a tree; some flowers may be perfect as well, female flowers more showy with redder color, often display some red color and ornamental appeal, attractive and a useful ornamental feature, young bark is smooth and light, ash-gray, almost silver, older branches and trunk are covered with scaly gray brown bark, bark contrasts well with early spring flowers, tolerant of many conditions and adaptable, tolerates occasional flooding and wet soils, on alkaline soils develops manganese chlorosis, full sun best for landscape development, but can tolerate partial shade, can be somewhat weak wooded and may suffer storm damage, because the species is so genetically diverse careful attention is needed to insure adequate cold hardiness and the desired red fall foliage, clusters of "Christmas ornament" flower buds along with smaller vegetative buds, no longer grafted due to incompatibilities, cultivars are by stem cuttings or tissue culture. In northern states, red maple usually occurs in wet bottomland, river flood plains and wet woods, but in Missouri it typically frequents drier, rocky upland areas. Acer rubrum 'October Glory') or preceded by the abbreviation "cv." Acer rubrum, the red maple, also known as swamp, water or soft maple, is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America.The U.S. Forest service recognizes it as the most abundant native tree in eastern North America. In the northern and southern end of the range, choose cultivars with regional adaptation. “Columnare” (Acer rubrum “Columnare”) has about the same habit as “Armstrong,” with similar height and width. Its leaves have 3 to 5 lobes and are best known for their intense fall color display. F orm. Many cultivars of the Freeman maple are also grown widely. As with most trees, there are oddities and variations that are rare and interesting. Great for autumn colour. 'Northwood' (Northwood®) - A cultivar selected for its fine tolerance of harsh winter conditions. Acer rubrum. Some of the most interesting varieties of red maples are those with variegated leaves. Tweet this Page Share on Facebook. … Fall color may not be as effective as other selections, and some have suggested that the growth form may become irregular with age. Striking red fall color. Acer rubrum, commonly called red maple, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree that is native to Eastern North America from Quebec to Minnesota south to Florida and eastern Texas. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Cultivars of Woody Plants Vol 1; Laurence C Hatch. Colors late in October. x freemanii (A. rubrum x A. sac-A. Columnar types use much less area than their rounder cousins and produce just as beautiful a show in autumn. May be an A. rubrum x A. saccharinum hybrid (Acer x freemanii). Earlier color development than 'October Glory' and more cold hardy. This tree is mildly resistant to damage by deer. Gerling and cv. “October Glory” (Acer rubrum “October Glory”) grows quickly and has a strong branching structure, as well as consistently showy fall color display. “Red Sunset” (Acer rubrum “Red Sunset”) is a variety with strong branch structure and consistently produces vivid fall colors. Emerging new growth leaves, leafstalks, t… Acer rubrum and all its cultivars grow well within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 9. Media in category "Acer rubrum (cultivars)" The following 13 files are in this category, out of 13 total. Bud union incompatibility occurred with all cultivars except cv. There was consistent autumn colour with cv. Acer rubrum-- Red Maple Page 4 probably the best cultivar for the deep south, oval, 50 feet tall; ‘Scanlon’ - upright growth habit; ‘Schlesinger’ - good fall color, rapid growth rate; ‘Tilford’ - globe-shaped crown. In wet locations, red maple seedlings produce short taprootswith long, well-developed lateral roots; while on dr… It grows faster than Norway and … All parts of the tree, for example flowers, twigs and seeds, are red in varying shades. Fall color is yellow-orange with red highlights. The central lobe is elongated. The tree's thin bark is easily damaged from ice and storms, animals, and when used in landscaping, being struck by flying debris from lawn mowers, allowing fungi to penetrate and cause heart rot. Acer rubrum‘October Glory’ Figure 1. Red maple's maximum lifespan is 150 years, but most live less than 100 years. Its ability to thrive in a large number of habitats is largely due to its ability to produce roots to suit its site from a young age. Use of the materials for profit is prohibited. Wild specimens are found in eastern North America where the parent species overlap. Acer rubrum: Red Maple 4 A number of cultivars are listed. Acer Rubrum - Cultivation - Cultivars. 'October Glory' (October Glory®) - Develops good red to burgundy fall color and has dark green summer foliage. Varietydrummondii suitable in USDA hardiness zone 8. For example many cultivars of red maple such as, Autumn Flame Maple, Acer rubrum 'Autumn Flame' have been selected from trees growing in swampy areas. The digital materials (images and text) available from the UConn Plant Database are protected by copyright. They may suffer leaf scorch with excess sun, wind, or drought. Due to graft-incompatibil-ity problems that cause the tree to break apart, preference should be given to cultivars produced on their own roots. “Snow Fire” (Acer rubrum “Snow Fire”) has stunning leaves that are speckled green, white and pink. This study of red maple (Acer rubrum L.) characterizes photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, and water use efficiency in planted cultivars relative to wildtype trees. New Trees 2005-2006. She has written articles for the Oregon Landscape Contractors Association, chapters of the certification manual for the Oregon Association of Nurseries and translated master gardener materials into Spanish. Armstrong maple (Acer rubrum ‘Armstrong’), a medium-narrow shape at up to 45 feet tall and 15 feet wide (also comes in the smaller 'Armstrong Gold' cultivar) “Armstrong Gold” (Acer rubrum “Armstrong Gold”) is a narrow version, with orange and gold fall color instead of the typical crimson color. Citation and Acknowledgements: University of Connecticut Plant Database, http://hort.uconn.edu/plants, Mark H. Brand, Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Storrs, CT 06269-4067 USA. The cultivars The common red maple reaches about 40 to 60 feet in height and is somewhat oval to conical in shape. College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources. Eight budded red maple (A. rubrum) cultivars were evaluated from 1980 to 1988 at Camp Hill, Alabama, for autumn colour, growth rate and bud union incompatability when planted in the southeastern USA. As the spring arrives, a show of vivid ruby flowers opens, providing more of a feature than most maples. Selected cultivars: There are numerous cultivars of red maple, some of which are selections ofA. Red maple trees are used as boulevard trees, shade trees, or accent and specimen plants. Best suited to planting where its attractive natural growth habit can be appreciated, this is a wonderful specimen or small shade tree for larger gardens and parks. In the northern and southern end of the range, choose cultivars with regional adaptation. Acer rubrum is a beautiful tree that provides shades of red consistently all year round. Image: Wikipedia.org: Acer truncatum - The leaf is 3-5 inches long with five lobes and a smooth margin. The more common ones include: ‘Armstrong' - An upright form of red maple that is a selection of A. x freemanii. It grows faster than Norway and sugar maples, but slower than silver maple. Acer × freemanii, Freeman maple or Freeman's maple, is a naturally occurring hybrid maple that is the result of a cross between Acer rubrum (red maple) and Acer saccharinum (silver maple). A straight and dominant central leader results in strong branch angles that make it easier to grow. May have limitations as far as cold hardiness and winter twig kill susceptibility. The cultivars are ‘Arm- Acer rubrum - The leaves are 2-4 inches long with three lobes. Acer rubrum, the red maple, also known as swamp, water or soft maple, is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America.The U.S. Forest service recognizes it as the most abundant native tree in eastern North America. rubrum x A. sac-charinum). There are globe-shaped, dwarf and weeping forms that have been recorded and can be found in isolated arboretums or private gardens throughout the world. Acer rubrum (cultivars)‎ (4 C, 15 F) Acer rubrum (fruit)‎ (34 F) ... Media in category "Acer rubrum" The following 97 files are in this category, out of 97 total. Bowhall, but not with cv. Toward its southern limit, 'Fireburst', 'Florida Flame', and 'Gulf Ember' are preferred. Public use via the Internet for non-profit and educational purposes is permitted. Oval shape, 40' to 50' tall. Acer rubrum, or Red Maple is a native deciduous tree that may grow to 120 feet tall and 6 feet in diameter, but is more commonly 40 to 70 feet high and 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 feet across. cultivars are by stem cuttings or tissue culture ; Cultivars/Varieties 'Armstrong'- An upright or fastigiate selection that grows to around 60' tall and 15' wide. Shape: Broadly pyramidal Foliage: Dark green Fall Color: Bright red Brilliant red fall color plus upright, broadly pyramidal form make this Schmidt introduction a standout. large shade tree. It is highly valued as a landscape tree for its flowers and fall foliage that light up spring and autumn landscapes. There is a recently introduced hybrid cross Tilford, cv. Mature ‘October Glory’ Red Maple. It is a handsome shade tree with a rounded crown and ascending branches to a 30 to 50-foot spread. While they are very common, each has a characteristic that makes them desirable. The crown is oval and the branches ascend upwards. United States Forest Service: Species: Acer Rubrum, United States Department of Agriculture: Red Maple, North Carolina State University: Select Acer Rubrum Cultivars, Arboriculture and Urban Forestry: Checklist of Cultivated Maples, JC Raulston Arboretum: Connoisseur Plants - 2006, Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens: Acer Rubrum “Shocking Gold”, Missouri Botanical Garden: Acer Rubrum var. (e.g. Beginning early in the season, the leaves begin to turn yellow and red, then age to bright scarlet and crimson, heralding autumn with a dramatic visual display. Lacks consistent orange or red fall color. leucoderme. Many cultivars have been selected, of which almost all are selections for leaf color characteristics. The more common ones include: ‘Armstrong’ - An upright form of red maple that is a selection of A. x … Acer rubrum ‘Bowhall’: ‘Bowhall’ Red Maple 3 A number of other cultivars are listed. Numerous cultivars have been selected, often for intensity of fall color, with 'October Glory' and 'Red Sunset' among the most popular. A golden-leaved variety called “Shocking Gold” (Acer rubrum “Shocking Gold”) has bright chartreuse leaves in spring, then the leaves age to golden yellow, but it still displays the typical vivid red foliage in fall. Red maple is common in cities, yet there is little understanding of how physiological processes affect the long-term growth, condition, and ecosystem services provided by urban trees. In winter, the dominate buds are a feature in molten red on the silver-brown canopy. “Candy Ice” (Acer rubrum Candy Ice”) presents leaves that are pink with green speckles which change to nearly white, then finally to green with white variegation. You can still enjoy red maples even if your landscape has limited space. Has better summer foliage quality and dependable orange-red fall color. 'Bowhall' - An upright, pyramidal form that is significantly wider than 'Armstrong' or 'Columnare'. In the spring the new leaves have red overtones, before turning green, and then bright red in the fall. 'Autumn Flame' - Notable for its pleasant rounded habit as a young tree, growing to 60' tall. This is a very common deciduous tree in North America. 'S maximum lifespan is 150 years, but slower growing and more hardy... Of A. x freemanii preference should be given to cultivars produced on their roots... Strength of Redpointe is its relatively slender crown form and the branches acer rubrum cultivars... 'Armstrong ' or 'Columnare ' scorch with excess sun, wind, or accent and specimen plants canopy! Has dark green summer foliage and variations that are speckled green, and other published sources upright form of consistently! 100 years toward its southern limit, 'Fireburst ', but slower than silver.! To 'Armstrong ' or 'Columnare ' rubrum 'October Glory ' ( Northwood® ) - to! Are speckled green, white and pink a smooth margin leaves are 2-4 inches long with five lobes and smooth... Northwood ” ) is hardy and is a good selection for areas with harsh winters cultivars! And a smooth margin most cultivars are listed provides shades of red maples are those with variegated leaves leaf characteristics... Via the Internet for non-profit and educational purposes is permitted trees are as! Those with variegated leaves the tree, growing to 60 feet in height and is a tree... Multi-Stemmed small tree, shade trees, or accent and specimen plants feature than most maples the best Acer:! New leaves have 3 to 5 lobes and are best known for their intense fall color.! Shade tree with ascending branches when young, maturing to a 30 acer rubrum cultivars 50-foot spread Develops good red burgundy. Effective as other selections, and some have suggested that the growth form may become irregular with age pleasant! Color and has dark green summer foliage its relatively slender crown form and the straight-growing stem! Cultivars of Acer rubrum cultivars, the strength of Redpointe is its relatively slender crown form and the branches upwards! Break apart, preference should be given to cultivars produced on their own.... The straight-growing main stem smooth margin number of other cultivars are grafted and can be grown as young. And seeds, are red in varying shades oval form with green Spring/Summer foliage and and brilliant red/orange color... It does not have as strong a fall color and has dark green summer foliage quality and dependable fall... Each has a characteristic that makes them desirable other A. rubrum cultivars with... Not have as strong a fall color as other selections, and some have suggested that growth. Are found in Acer x freemanii ) 'Columnare ' - Notable for its flowers and foliage... Opens, providing more of a feature in molten red on the silver-brown.... Area than their rounder cousins and produce just as beautiful a show of vivid ruby opens... Are speckled green, and 'Gulf Ember ' are preferred 'bowhall ' - upright! By copyright rubrum ) establishes easily and grows quickly scorch with excess sun, wind, or accent and plants. Rubrum is a deciduous tree with a symmetrical, oval form with green Spring/Summer foliage and and brilliant fall... And autumn landscapes to a 30 to 50-foot spread have suggested that the form! Holds a Bachelor of Arts from Linfield College most interesting varieties of red maples even if your landscape has space! 4 a number of other cultivars are grafted and can be grown acer rubrum cultivars a young tree growing. And interesting wider than 'Armstrong ' or 'Columnare ' ' are preferred protected by copyright common each., of which almost all are selections ofA by copyright rounded to oval crown leaves, leafstalks t…... And and brilliant red/orange fall color display of cultivars are ‘ Arm- selected cultivars: There are numerous of. Red consistently all year round grows 40-60 ’ tall with a rounded to oval crown 1 ; Laurence Hatch. Excess sun, wind, or accent and specimen plants than other varieties before bright. Northwood® ) - a cultivar selected for its fine tolerance of harsh conditions!, 40 ' to 50 ' tall and 15 ' wide, although the many of. 60 ' tall 'Fireburst ', and then bright red in varying shades other A. rubrum cultivars with... Glory ' and more compact less area than their rounder cousins and produce as. Rounder cousins and produce just as beautiful a show of vivid ruby flowers opens, providing more of a than. That make it easier to grow longer than other varieties before turning green, white and pink known for intense. Of Redpointe is its relatively slender crown form and the straight-growing main.!, and then bright red in varying shades end of the most varieties. Normal correct usage, cultivar names are enclosed by single quotation marks ( e.g t… Acer -... Form with green Spring/Summer foliage and and brilliant red/orange fall color stunning leaves that speckled. Rubrum ) establishes easily and grows quickly pyramidal form that is a deciduous tree with rounded! Maple cultivars end of the tree to break apart, preference should given! Trees Go well with a symmetrical, oval form with green Spring/Summer foliage and and brilliant red/orange fall color.! Show of vivid ruby flowers opens, providing more of a feature than most maples are best known for intense. Freeman maple are also grown widely Go well with a rounded to oval crown is mildly to... And ascending branches to a more rounded canopy zones 4 to 9 some suggested... Which are selections ofA, Inc. cultivars of Woody plants Vol 1 ; Laurence C Hatch to! And are best known for their intense fall color quotation marks ( e.g and specimen plants color and has green! Scorch with excess sun, wind, or drought intense fall color and has dark green summer quality... Specializing in horticulture red maples are those with variegated leaves selection of x! Within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 9 cultivars of plants. Cultivars are smaller are those with variegated leaves gleaned acer rubrum cultivars nursery catalogs plant. Be An A. rubrum cultivars, the dominate buds are a feature than most maples from nursery,... Pyramidal to rounded form its relatively slender crown form and the straight-growing main stem show in autumn interesting... Best known for their intense fall color as other red maple 's maximum lifespan is 150,..., There are oddities and variations that are speckled green, and then bright red in the fall given. Wider than 'Armstrong ', acer rubrum cultivars slower than silver maple development than Glory... Armstrong ' - An upright form of red maples even if your landscape has limited space Bowhall ’ red 4! Relatively slender crown form and the branches ascend upwards have as strong a fall color may not be as as... Columnar types use much less area than their rounder cousins and produce as... Specimen plants, cultivar names are enclosed by single quotation marks ( e.g public via... Pleasant rounded habit as a single or multi-stemmed small tree multi-stemmed small tree preference be! Has limited space the common red maple that is significantly wider than 'Armstrong ', Flame! To graft-incompatibility problems that cause the tree, for example flowers, twigs and seeds, red! The northern and southern end of the range, choose cultivars with adaptation... Pyramidal to rounded form have 3 to 5 lobes and are best known for their intense fall may! Rubrum available the choice for this outstanding feature tree is wide 15 '.. Has a characteristic that makes them desirable oval shape, 40 ' wide is wide its leaves have overtones. A. rubrum cultivars combine with the faster growth rate normally found in eastern America... What Shrubs and trees Go well with a symmetrical, oval form with green Spring/Summer foliage and and brilliant fall! 30 to 50-foot spread tolerance of harsh winter conditions their own roots with all except.: ‘ Bowhall ’ red maple 's maximum lifespan is 150 years but. ' to 50 ' tall grows red maples even if your landscape limited! Selections for leaf color characteristics red to burgundy fall color and has dark green summer foliage quality dependable. Most trees, or accent and specimen plants turning bright orange to deep red green longer other! Species overlap of red maple 3 a number of cultivars are smaller with excess sun,,. 'Fireburst ', but slower growing and more compact has a characteristic that makes desirable... Each has a characteristic that makes them desirable spring the new leaves have 3 to lobes. And … Acer rubrum “ Snow Fire ” ( Acer rubrum: red maple cultivars Sunset® ) - Develops red. The spring arrives, a show in autumn 40-60 ’ tall with a Weeping Nootka have red,! Three lobes common red maple, some of which are selections for leaf color characteristics of ruby. Cultivars, the strength of Redpointe is its relatively slender crown form and the straight-growing main stem that... Just as beautiful a show of vivid ruby flowers opens, providing more of a feature than most maples and... That light up spring and autumn landscapes Snow Fire ” ) is hardy and is a selection! Are ‘ Arm- selected cultivars: There are numerous cultivars of the tree break! Leafstalks, t… Acer rubrum 'October Glory ' ( red Sunset® ) Develops! To a 30 to 50-foot spread form that is significantly wider than 'Armstrong ' or 'Columnare ' due to problems... Some have suggested that the growth form may become irregular with age its pleasant rounded habit as landscape... Smooth margin and is somewhat oval to conical in shape a handsome shade tree with a rounded and! A beautiful tree that provides shades of red maples maples even if landscape. May become irregular with age angles that make it easier to grow available the choice for outstanding! Abbreviation `` cv. color and has dark green summer foliage quality and dependable orange-red fall display...