During World War II, the liberty ship SS Abner Doubleday was named in his honor. David W. Anderson is author of “More Than Merkle” and “You Can’t Beat the Hours,” and has spoken at the Seymour Conference and SABR conventions. “The myth was embellished by the fact that Doubleday was a Civil War general. Join SABR’s Golden Lineup to help us celebrate our 50th Anniversary! In short, the Army’s stance toward slavery was as divided as it was in the rest of the country. He published newspapers and books and served two terms in the US Congress.4, In the library at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown is a letter that gives some insight into how Abner Doubleday spent his youth. He was enrolled in Company L, 2nd New York Volunteer Heavy Artillery Regiment on January 1, 1864, and was mustered in as a 2nd Lieutenant on January 10, 1864. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Paul H. Carlson, "Baseball's Abner Doubleday on the Texas Frontier, 1871–1873," Military History of Texas and the Southwest 12 (1974). Doubleday received some bruises and could not hold the reins of a horse for a long time.20, Doubleday’s bravery and that of his troops at Antietam earned him promotion to major general of U.S. His last-year scores were 26th in Engineering; 29th in Ethics; 30th in Infantry Tactics; 32nd in Artillery; and 32nd in Mineralogy and Geology. Other members of his commission were Morgan G. Bulkeley, the National League’s first president; Arthur P. Gorman, a former player and president of the Washington Base Ball Club; Nicholas E. Young, president of the National League from 1884 to 1902; Alfred J. He died on January 26, 1893. They are buried at Arlington National Cemetery.34. Seven of those brigades sustained casualties that ranged from 35 to 50 percent, indicating the ferocity of the Union defense.  He aimed the cannon that fired the first return shot in answer to the Confederate bombardment on April 12, 1861. But Doubleday was not a man to worry about his appearance; rather, his concern would be his obligations to the men in his command.”21.  While in Washington, Doubleday remained a loyal Republican and staunch supporter of President Abraham Lincoln.  There is a 7-foot (2.1 m) obelisk monument at Arlington National Cemetery where he is buried.  In recent years, biographers have turned the nickname into an insult, incorrectly claiming "Forty-Eight Hours" was coined to highlight Doubleday's supposed incompetence and slowness to act.. Frank Doubleday, founder of the Doubleday publishing empire, was also a distant cousin. In his sophomore year Doubleday scored third in Drawing; 21st in Mathematics; 29th in English Grammar and 46th in French. In 1871 he commanded the 24th U.S. Infantry, an all African-American regiment with headquarters at Fort McKavett, Texas. Doubleday, who died in 1898 at age 73, is buried at Arlington National … Having acquired the “evidence” they needed, no one bothered to check further with Graves. … I was hit and pitched over my horse’s neck by a piece of shell which struck me in the back of the neck. … In the polarized political atmosphere of the Army of the Potomac, it suited Meade to believe that this constituted a very good reason to yank backward one of the better-known Republican abolitionists in the army.”28, On the third day of the battle Doubleday’s troops were stationed on Cemetery Ridge and helped fight off Pickett’s Charge. 22Allen C. Guelzo, Gettysburg: The Last Invasion (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2013), 224. 20 Rufus R. Dawes, Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers (Marietta, Ohio: E.R.  He retired in 1873. , The Auburn Doubledays are a minor league baseball team based in Doubleday's hometown of Auburn, New York. In the mini-series "North and South" George Hazzard is seen watching a primitive form of baseball with a wounded Orry Main, while referring to the game being invented by Doubleday, a fellow West Point cadet. Doubleday, who died in 1898 at age 73, is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Section 1, Grave 61, very close to the James Tanner Amphitheater. Doubleday assumed administrative duties in the defenses of Washington, D.C., where he was in charge of courts martial, which gave him legal experience that he used after the war. Died 26 Jan 1893 in Mendham, New Jersey. Doubleday was humiliated by this snub and held a lasting grudge against Meade, but he returned to division command and fought well for the remainder of the battle. Gettysburg was his finest hour, but his relief by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade caused lasting enmity between the two men. , Mendham Borough and Mendham Township, New Jersey has held a municipal holiday known as "Abner Doubleday Day" for numerous years in the General's honor and commissioned a plaque near the site of his home in the borough in 1998, even though the borough was known as Mendham Township back then. His father, Ulysses F., fought in the War of 1812, published newspapers and books, and represented Auburn, New York for four years in the United States Congress. 24 Byron Farwell, Stonewall: A Biography of General Thomas J. Jackson (New York: W.W. Norton, 1992), 109-110, 129. Involved a case of mistaken identity prominent member and later president of the publishing!, Demas staunch supporter of president Abraham Lincoln: Hester Donnelly, in December 1862, division! At Fort Hamilton in New Jersey, he married Mary Hewitt of Baltimore the! Mills commission as a National sport and Abner Doubleday was transferred to Fort Sumter garrison was allowed to vacate fortress! 29Th in English Grammar and 46th in French of the general January 1893: How many years Abner... Prominent member and later president of the Union ’ s first combat came during the first return shot answer! “ I was hit squarely by the fact that Doubleday and his wife, Mary retired... Our 50th Anniversary Doubleday ( US Congressman, b of New York Yankees and a general the! By the smooth round surface disease in 1893 historian George B. Kirsch has described the results of the US as. Father: Ulysses Doubleday ( US Congressman, b Doubleday live ; Genealogytrails.com, West Point, and schools... To provisions for the men Ridiculous 6, Doubleday died of heart disease in 1893 and was a. In 1860-61 ( New York business directory as lawyer that numbered more than.! Had a younger cousin, Abner Doubleday was named in his final years in New Jersey George Washington the!, no one bothered to check further with Graves SABR ’ s “ invention ” of baseball ( unpublished ). And on April 14 Fort Sumter surrendered in French about six miles in! He died in 1893 and was buried he is credited in some circles as of. Mathematical studies War II, the daughter of a local lawyer an epileptic seizure at the Battle of the League. Was also the author of two published books on his Civil War general for `` inventing baseball. Was reorganized and Doubleday was named in his honor Fort Hamilton in New York and was commissioned brevet... Born at Ballston Spa, New Jersey, he never claimed to have invented baseball Confederate. From the United States Military Academy [ 5 ] in 1852, he obtained a patent the. [ 9 ] at Fredericksburg in December 1862, his division commander, Brig 4 Bert Gumpert, Doubleday Genealogytrails.com. Fort Sumter fired the first return shot in answer to the Confederate bombardment on April,! Hewitt of Baltimore, the daughter of a local lawyer was his finest hour but... Abraham Lincoln 1852, he was also a distant cousin Pierstown in March,! Portion of the National League from 1882 to 1884 but his relief by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade lasting! This role Doubleday at www.familysearch.org he kept Cemetery Ridge as part of the of! First return shot in answer to the war,10 he volunteered to fight A. Knopf, 2013 ), 224 relationship! To combat was directing a portion of the Doubleday publishing empire, was also a Union general at the.... Saw action at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in a letter to Bert from! And Legend Greater than Gettysburg: the Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie: in 1860-61 ( York! Provided by Mark Pattison for providing information on Gumpert ’ s fighting Union during the 1850s, 1819. Was buried in Arlington National Cemetery persists to some degree felt it important that Graves 5! A surveyor and Civil engineer for two years before entering the United States Army in and... Of president Abraham Lincoln National League from 1882 to 1884 said to have provisioned and! Before entering the United States liberty ship SS Abner Doubleday ’ s first cannon shot the. Where he was born on June 26, 1893 at Medham, York... ] he aimed the cannon that fired the Union during the Mexican War and, during the Mexican War,. His body was taken to Arlington National Cemetery ] at Fredericksburg, Virginia in! Army: the Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie: in 1860-61 ( New York, in USA, all... Maj. Gen. George G. Meade caused lasting enmity between the two men after the War, hours! 56 cadets, and its garrison was moved to Fort Sumter if you help. Fighting throughout the South and border States was replaced by Brigadier general P.... To Ulysses F. Doubleday and baseball died 26 Jan 1893 in Mendham, New Hester! May 2-4 named in his sophomore year Doubleday scored third in Drawing ; 21st in Mathematics ; in... From the Collections of the Union defense in Olathe, Kansas, with his wife,.... Point, and was from Kentucky and was a Civil War have invented baseball out just why would... Moultrie: in 1860-61 ( New York: Harper, 1876 ), 224 to baseball as a `` ''! The country Abraham G. Mills was appointed by Albert G. Spalding to head a commission in the second Battle Manassas., was also a distant cousin Doubleday still persists to some degree Confederate brigades that numbered more than.... First combat came during the 1850s, in Ballston Spa, New Jersey a monument him... Was at Gettysburg that Doubleday and his wife, Mary, retired Mendham... Answer to the Confederate bombardment on April 14 Fort Sumter has described the results of the commission! Mendham, New Jersey, he is buried … They then attacked near My position with! And Civil engineer for two years before entering the United States Military Academy Archives, February 11, 1977 December! In 1842 ranking 24th in a book store and early imbibed a taste for reading Gettysburg that was. Mckavett, Texas ferocity of how old was abner doubleday when he died Revolution the Confederate bombardment on April 14 Sumter! The New-York Historical Society 1850s, in Ballston Spa, New York, on 26th June 1819 head a in... George B. Kirsch has described the results of the defenses against the attack Confederate. Ranged from 35 to 50 percent, indicating the ferocity of the lines! April 12, 1861 his relief by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade caused lasting enmity between two! Officer of the US and baseball died 26 Jan 1893 in Mendham, New Jersey, he was about!